Atopic dermatitis

“Nourish your skin!”

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, recurrent skin disease characterised by severe itching and occurs in people with atopy.

The most common causative allergens are house dust, feathers, pollen, hair and epithelium of some animals, food products (eggs, milk, dairy products, fish, some cereals, nuts, almonds, peanuts, some fruits and vegetables, some types of meat), bacterial antigens, detergents and bath products, etc.

The clinical picture of this disease differs depending on the age of the patient. We distinguish atopic dermatitis in:

  • Infants;
  • Young children;
  • Adults.

Hypersensitivity to food is commonly present in early childhood, i.e. to food allergens, while in adulthood hypersensitivity to inhaled allergens prevails.

Atopic dermatitis in infants

Atopijski dermatitis

The role of food as a provocative factor is most important in the first three years of life.

The disease usually appears in infancy around the third month of life with changes in the skin in the form of redness, blisters, dry and cracked skin. It most often appears on the face, scalp, back of the neck, and can spread to the neck, torso, extremities, and in the worst case, it can affect the entire body.

Atopic dermatitis in young children

Patients with atopy are known to be prone to infections (bacteria, viruses, fungi). This is most pronounced in childhood.

In a young child, atopic dermatitis is localized mainly on the folds of the large joints. In these places, the skin is dry, thickened, cracked, and in the acute stages, erosions, moisturizing and superinfection occur.

Atopic dermatitis has a tendency of withdrawing with age, so the disappearance of skin changes by adolescence is expected in about 60% of patients. Recurrence in adulthood is not uncommon, and it most frequently manifests itself as dermatitis on the hands. It is estimated that approximately 50% of children with atopic dermatitis develop allergic rhinitis later in life, and 20 to 50% develop asthma.

Atopic dermatitis in adults

In adults, the changes are usually present on the face, neck, behind the ear, around the mouth and in the folds of large joints. In these places, redness, blisters and moisturizing are seen in the acute phase. With the transition to the chronic phase, the skin becomes dry, with traces of scratching, brownish color. All patients have extremely dry skin all over their body.

Patients complain of itching, which can be so severe that it prevents them from performing daily tasks, disturbs their sleep, which causes malaise and fatigue.

Treatment of atopic dermatitis

The disease is common. Due to increasing environmental pollution, excessive hygiene measures and unhealthy diet, atopic dermatitis has become a disease of urban, highly developed environments.

The success of treatment depends on good cooperation between the dermatologist and the patient (parent). The dermatologist will provide information about the nature of the disease, potential factors that aggravate the disease and proper skin care in the quiet phase of the disease.

The choice of therapy depends on age, localisation of changes and severity of the disease.

In the acute phase, the physician will prescribe one of the corticosteroid ointments or creams, alone or in combination with something else. In addition, it is important to start skin care with a nourishing ointment such as SAJM DERM OINTMENT and continue with this care after corticosteroid therapy.

Due to its nourishing properties, SAJM DERM OINTMENT has proven to be extremely suitable for the care of skin prone to atopic dermatitis. Some patients feel relief after the first application.

Nourish your skin with SAJM DERM OINTMENT daily. The skin will regenerate and the acute phases will decrease over time.

Sajm derm mast